Vulkan-Monitor

In einer Tiefe ab 100 km, ist es zwischen 1000 und 1300 Grad Celsius heiß. Gestein beginnt zu schmelzen und sammelt sich in großen, tropfenförmigen Magmaherden in 2 bis 50 km Tiefe. Wenn der Druck zu groß wird, steigt das Magma über Spalten und Klüfte an die Oberfläche: Ein Vulkan entsteht.

Karte der augenblicklich aktiven Vulkane


Colima (Mexico), Colima Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Colima (Mexico), 12 June-18 June 2019

Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia - Universidad de Colima reported that intermittent steam-and-gas emissions mainly from the NE side of the crater and small explosions continued to be recorded during 8-14 June. Weather conditions often prevented visual observations of the crater.
Neu

Pavlof (United States), Alaska Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Pavlof (United States), 12 June-18 June 2019

On 12 June AVO reported that elevated levels of seismicity at Pavlof, recorded since mid-May, had declined to background levels. The Aviation Color Code was lowered to Green and the Volcano Alert Level was lowered to Normal. The report noted that vapor plumes were occasionally visible in webcam views and elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater were sometimes identified in satellite images; both are common occurrences at Pavlof.
Neu

Piton de la Fournaise (France), IPGP Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise

Volcanic activity report for Piton de la Fournaise (France), 12 June-18 June 2019

The eruption at Piton de la Fournaise that began at 0635 on 11 June continued through 12 June from fissures on the SSE flank of Dolomieu Crater. The front of the lava flow had reached around 1,200-1,300 m elevation by 0620. OVPF stated that the eruption ended at 1200 on 13 June.
Neu

Sangeang Api (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Sangeang Api (Indonesia), 12 June-18 June 2019

The Darwin VAAC reported that on 17 June multiple discrete emissions with increasing ash content over a period of about an hour rose from Sangeang Api to altitudes of 1.2-2.1 (4,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and WNW, based on satellite images and weather models. A thermal anomaly was also visible. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Neu

Agung (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Agung (Indonesia), 12 June-18 June 2019

PVMBG reported that an eruption at Agung, recorded by the seismic network at 0138 on 13 June, ejected incandescent material onto the flanks. The Darwin VAAC stated that ash plumes rose to altitudes of 5.5 and 9.1 km (18,000 and 30,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W and SW, respectively, based on webcam views and satellite data. By 0635 the ash plume had detached and by 1505 it was about 370 km S of Agung. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4) with the exclusion zone set at a 4 km radius.
Ongoing

Aira (Japan), Sakurajima Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Aira (Japan), 12 June-18 June 2019

JMA reported that inflation at Minamidake crater (at Aira Caldera?s Sakurajima volcano) began at 0500 on 11 June. At 1431 an explosion ejected material 1.2 km from the crater and generated an ash plume that rose 2.2 km above the crater rim. An explosion at 0921 on 13 June was followed by some deflation. Very small eruptive events were recorded during 14-17 June. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Ongoing

Azumayama (Japan), Japan Meteorological Agency

Volcanic activity report for Azumayama (Japan), 12 June-18 June 2019

On 17 June JMA lowered the Alert Level for Azumayama to 1 (the lowest level on a 5-level scale), noting that deformation and elevated seismicity recorded in May had stabilized and decreased, respectively.
Ongoing

Dukono (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Dukono (Indonesia), 12 June-18 June 2019

Based on satellite and wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 12-16 and 18 June ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 2.1-2.4 km (7,000-8,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted in multiple directions. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2 km exclusion zone.
Ongoing

Ebeko (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Ebeko (Russia), 12 June-18 June 2019

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Ebeko was identified in satellite images on 12 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Fuego (Guatemala), INSIVUMEH, Guatemala

Volcanic activity report for Fuego (Guatemala), 12 June-18 June 2019

INSIVUMEH reported that there were 10-20 explosions per hour recorded at Fuego during 15-18 June, generating ash plumes that rose as high as 1.1 km above the crater rim and drifted 10-25 km W, SW, and E. Explosions sometimes produced shock waves that rattled houses in nearby communities. Incandescent material was ejected 200-400 m high and caused avalanches of material that occasionally traveled long distances (reaching vegetated areas) down Seca (W), Taniluyá (SW), Ceniza (SSW), Trinidad (S), El Jute (SE), Las Lajas (SE), and Honda ravines. Ashfall was reported in several areas downwind including Santa Sofía (12 km SW), Morelia (9 km SW), Panimaché I and II (8 km SW), Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW), and El Porvenir (8 km ENE).
Ongoing

Karymsky (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Karymsky (Russia), 12 June-18 June 2019

KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly at Karymsky was identified in satellite images during 8-14 June. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Klyuchevskoy (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Klyuchevskoy (Russia), 12 June-18 June 2019

KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly at Klyuchevskoy was visible in satellite images during 11-13 June. Explosions during 11-12 June were recorded in video and satellite data generating ash plumes that rose to 5.5-6 km (18,000-19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 200 km WNW. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Krakatau (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Krakatau (Indonesia), 12 June-18 June 2019

PVMBG reported that Anak Krakatau?s seismic network recorded one eruptive event at 0719 on 12 June. The event was not followed by visible ash emissions, though observations were hindered by weather conditions. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 2 km radius hazard zone from the crater.
Ongoing

Kuchinoerabujima (Japan), Japan Meteorological Agency

Volcanic activity report for Kuchinoerabujima (Japan), 12 June-18 June 2019

JMA reported that Kuchinoerabujima?s Shindake Crater has not erupted since 3 February, and the number of shallow earthquakes located near the crater had been decreasing since then. Deeper volcanic earthquakes had not been recorded since 16 May. Sulfur dioxide emissions remained elevated. JMA lowered the Alert Level to 2 (the second lowest level on a scale of 1-5) on 12 June.
Ongoing

Manam (Papua New Guinea),

Volcanic activity report for Manam (Papua New Guinea), 12 June-18 June 2019

The Darwin VAAC reported that on 18 June ash plumes from Manam rose to altitudes of 3-3.7 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E and NE, based on satellite data and weather models. A thermal anomaly was also visible.
Ongoing

Pacaya (Guatemala), INSIVUMEH, Guatemala

Volcanic activity report for Pacaya (Guatemala), 12 June-18 June 2019

INSIVUMEH reported that during 15-18 June Strombolian explosions at Pacaya?s Mackenney Crater ejected material as high as 30 m above the crater rim. A lava flow divided into two branches and traveled 300 m down the NW and W flanks, advancing towards Cerro Chino. Minor avalanches of material from lava flow fronts descended the flanks.
Ongoing

Poas (Costa Rica), OVSICORI-UNA, Costa Rica

Volcanic activity report for Poas (Costa Rica), 12 June-18 June 2019

OVSICORI-UNA reported that on 12 June small geyser-like eruptions at Poás ejected material less than 50 m high at a rate of about once per hour. At 0604 on 18 June an eruption that lasted about six minutes produced a plume of unknown height due to weather conditions. Residents reportedly heard several loud noises during 0610-0615 and observed an eruption plume rising from the crater. Ash fell in Cajón (12 km SW), San Luis de Grecia (11 km SW), Los Ángeles, San Miguel, San Isidro (28 km SE), and San Roque (23 km SSE). Whitish ash deposits surrounding the crater, especially on the W and S sectors, were visible in webcam images.
Ongoing

Santa Maria (Guatemala), INSIVUMEH, Guatemala

Volcanic activity report for Santa Maria (Guatemala), 12 June-18 June 2019

INSIVUMEH and CONRED reported that on 12 June lahars descended Santa María's Cabello de Ángel (a tributary of Nima I) and San Isidro (tributary of El Tambor) drainages. The lahar in San Isidro was 15-17 m wide and 1.5 m deep, and carried shrubs, tree trunks, and blocks up to 2 m in diameter. On 16 June lahars again descended the San Isidro drainage. During 15-18 June explosions at Caliente cone generated ash plumes that rose 400-800 m and drifted SW and E. Avalanches of material descended the E and SE flanks of the cone, and during 17-18 June reached the base of the cone. Minor ashfall was reported in San Marcos (10 km SW), Loma Linda (6 km WSW), and Palajunoj (18 km SSW) during 17-18 June.
Ongoing

Sheveluch (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Sheveluch (Russia), 12 June-18 June 2019

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly at Sheveluch?s lava dome was identified in daily satellite images during 8-14 June. Explosions and hot avalanches of material were captured by video and satellite data during 11-12 June. Ash plumes from the events drifted 60 km WNW. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Villarrica (Chile), Southern Andes Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Villarrica (Chile), 12 June-18 June 2019

OVDAS-SERNAGEOMIN and ONEMI reported that during 1-31 May gas plumes rose as high as 170 m above Villarrica?s crater rim. Incandescence from the crater was periodically visible. POVI reported that on 17 June lava spattering above the crater rim was recorded by a newly-installed infrared webcam.
Ongoing


Die Daten stellt die Smithsonian Institution im wöchentlich aktualisierten USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report zur Verfügung.

In Deutschland gibt es momentan keine aktiven Vulkane. Der Vulkanismus in Deutschland in den verangengen Jahrentausenden bzw. Jahrmillionen wurde durch Hebung der Alpen verursacht. Dass dieser Prozess noch nicht abgeschlossen ist, zeigen kleinere Erdbeben vom Rheingraben bis zur Kölner Bucht. Die Vulkane, die es in Deutschland gibt spucken zwar zur Zeit keine Lava aus, aber es gibt in Deutschland an vielen Orten heiße Quellen. Diese Thermalquellen sind ein Zeichen dafür, dass Wasser im inneren der Erde erwärmt wird. Vulkanaktivitäten aus vergangenen Zeiten sieht man in Deutschland z.B. auch am Kaiserstuhl in der oberrheinischen Ebene und am Rand der Schwäbischen Alp.