Vulkan-Monitor

In einer Tiefe ab 100 km, ist es zwischen 1000 und 1300 Grad Celsius heiß. Gestein beginnt zu schmelzen und sammelt sich in großen, tropfenförmigen Magmaherden in 2 bis 50 km Tiefe. Wenn der Druck zu groß wird, steigt das Magma über Spalten und Klüfte an die Oberfläche: Ein Vulkan entsteht.

Karte der augenblicklich aktiven Vulkane


Agung (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Agung (Indonesia), 6 December-12 December 2017

Based on BNPB and PVMBG reports, the eruption at Agung continued during 6-12 December, with high seismicity and nighttime crater incandescence often visible. On 8 December at 0759 an event generated a dense ash plume that rose 2.1 km above the crater rim and drifted W. Minor amounts of ash were deposited on the flanks, and lapilli was reported in Temakung. An ash plume rose 3 km at 1457. The number of evacuees on 10 December was 70,079 (spread out in 237 shelters). Ash plumes rose as high as 2 km. Lahars were observed in a drainage originating on the flanks of Agung. An explosion at 0549 on 11 December generated a dense ash plume that rose 2.5 km and drifted W and NW. Multiple ash-plume events were observed during 11-12 December, with plumes rising 1.5 km above the crater rim. The Alert Level remained at 4 (on a scale of 1-4), and the exclusion zones continued at a general 8-km radius and 10 km in the NNE, SE, S, and SW directions.
Neu

Kanlaon (Philippines), Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology

Volcanic activity report for Kanlaon (Philippines), 6 December-12 December 2017

PHIVOLCS reported that an approximately 10-minute-long, low-energy phreatic eruption at Kanlaon began at 0947 on 9 December. A plume of voluminous steam and dark ash rose 3-4 km above the summit vent. The event was heard as far away as La Castellana, Negros Occidental. Minor amounts of ash fell in Sitio Guintubdan, and barangays Ara-al, Sag-ang, and Ilihan. The eruption was preceded by the resumption of degassing at the summit crater at 0634, detectable as continuous low-energy tremor during periods when the summit was not visible; degassing was last observed September 2016. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-5).
Neu

Klyuchevskoy (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Klyuchevskoy (Russia), 6 December-12 December 2017

KVERT reported that a weak thermal anomaly over Klyuchevskoy was identified in satellite images during 5-6 December. Ash plumes rose as high as 5.5 km (18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted about 180 km during 5-8 December. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Neu

Pacaya (Guatemala), INSIVUMEH, Guatemala

Volcanic activity report for Pacaya (Guatemala), 6 December-12 December 2017

INSIVUMEH reported that during 9-12 December Strombolian explosions at Pacaya?s Mackenney cone ejected material as high as 25 m above the main cone. Lava flows traveled 100 m NW towards Cerro Chino cone, and 75 m SE.
Neu

Shishaldin (United States), Alaska Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Shishaldin (United States), 6 December-12 December 2017

AVO increased the Aviation Color Code for Shishaldin to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch on 6 December following several weeks of increasing seismicity and pressure waves recorded by infrasound sensors. Continuous infrasound waves were detected for more than 10 hours on instruments located in Sand Point, ~230 km E. Steam emissions visible in satellite and webcam images during 5 and 8-12 December were rising hundreds of feet above the summit crater. The steam emissions were occasionally accompanied by infrasound signals indicating episodes of short-duration energetic gas emissions and/or small explosions.
Neu

Villarrica (Chile), Southern Andes Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Villarrica (Chile), 6 December-12 December 2017

On 10 December POVI reported that the surface of the lava lake in Villarrica?s crater was stable at 70 m below the crater rim. Ejected lava from the lake was not evident in images captured during the previous five days, and incandescence and seismicity slowly decreased.
Neu

Aira (Japan), Sakurajima Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Aira (Japan), 6 December-12 December 2017

JMA reported that an explosion at Showa Crater (at Aira Caldera?s Sakurajima volcano) occurred at 1845 on 4 December and generated an ash plume that rose 1.4 km above the crater rim. Very small events occurred at Minamidake Crater during 7 and 9-10 December, and at Showa Crater on 10 December. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).
Ongoing

Ambrym (Vanuatu),

Volcanic activity report for Ambrym (Vanuatu), 6 December-12 December 2017

On 7 December Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory (VGO) lowered the Alert Level for Ambrym to 2 (on a scale of 0-5), noting that activity had stabilized by the end of November and was characterized by gas-and-steam emissions. Seismicity had also declined. The report reminded the public to stay outside of the Permanent Danger Zone defined as a 1-km radius from Benbow Crater and a 2.7-km radius from Marum Crater.
Ongoing

Aoba (Vanuatu),

Volcanic activity report for Aoba (Vanuatu), 6 December-12 December 2017

Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory (VGO) reported that observations of Aoba?s Lake Voui on 22 and 29 November confirmed that activity had declined, characterized by less frequent explosions, steam emissions, and decreased seismicity. On 7 December the Alert level was reduced to 2 (on a scale of 0-5) and residents and tourists were reminded to stay outside of the Danger Zone defined as a 2-km radius around the active vent in Lake Voui.
Ongoing

Bogoslof (United States), Alaska Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Bogoslof (United States), 6 December-12 December 2017

On 6 December AVO decreased the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level for Bogoslof to Unassigned, noting that no significant activity had been observed in seismic, infrasound, satellite, or lightning data during the past three months. The last detected explosive activity occurred on 30 August 2017.
Ongoing

Cleveland (United States), Alaska Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Cleveland (United States), 6 December-12 December 2017

AVO reported that during 6-12 December no thermal anomalies were visible in mostly clear satellite images, and no activity was detected by seismic or infrasound sensors. AVO noted that lava effusion may have paused or stopped; a satellite image acquired on 26 November showed that the lava dome had the appearance of rubble in the bottom of the shallow crater. On 12 December AVO lowered the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory, though an explosion the next day prompted a return to Orange and Watch, respectively. That explosion on 13 December was detected at 0420, and produced an eruption cloud identified in satellite data rising to an altitude of 6.1 km (20,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifting E.
Ongoing

Dukono (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Dukono (Indonesia), 6 December-12 December 2017

Based on analyses of satellite imagery, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-10 and 12 December ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 1.8-2.1 km (6,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE, E, and SE.
Ongoing

Ebeko (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Ebeko (Russia), 6 December-12 December 2017

Based on observations by volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, explosions during 2-5 and 7 December generated ash plumes that rose as high as 2 km (6,600 ft) a.s.l. Ashfall was reported in Severo-Kurilsk during 1-4 and 7 December. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Fuego (Guatemala), INSIVUMEH, Guatemala

Volcanic activity report for Fuego (Guatemala), 6 December-12 December 2017

INSIVUMEH reported that the 12th effusive/explosive eruption at Fuego in 2017 began on 10 December and, based on seismicity, lasted for about 36 hours. Ash plumes from moderate-to-strong explosions rose as high as 1.2 km above the crater rim and drifted 20 km S and SW. Lava flowed as far as 1.5 km W down the Seca (Santa Teresa), SW down the Taniluyá, and SSW down the Ceniza ravines. Ash fell in the communities of La Rochela, San Andrés Osuna, Morelia (9 km SW), and Panimaché I and II (8 km SW). On 12 December there was an average of 10 explosions per hour, generating avalanches in the Ceniza and Taniluyá drainages and ashfall in nearby areas.
Ongoing

Karymsky (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Karymsky (Russia), 6 December-12 December 2017

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Karymsky was identified in satellite data during 3 and 5-6 December. An ash cloud rose to an altitude of km (9,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 200 km E on 4 December. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale).
Ongoing

Kilauea (United States), Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Kilauea (United States), 6 December-12 December 2017

During 6-12 December HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise, fall, and spatter in Kilauea?s Overlook crater. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu'u 'O'o Crater and from a small lava pond in a pit on the W side of the crater. Surface lava flows were active above and on the pali, and on the coastal plain.
Ongoing

Lopevi (Vanuatu),

Volcanic activity report for Lopevi (Vanuatu), 6 December-12 December 2017

On 7 December Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory noted that unrest continued at Lopevi, and the Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-4). Photos and satellite images acquired at the end of November confirmed ongoing activity from the vents in the summit crater characterized by gas-and-steam emissions.
Ongoing

Nevados de Chillan (Chile), Southern Andes Volcano Observatory

Volcanic activity report for Nevados de Chillan (Chile), 6 December-12 December 2017

POVI reported that observations of Nevados de Chillán's Volcán Arrau dome complex during 7-11 December indicated phreatic explosions, ash emissions, and a new sulfur deposit on the flank. On 11 December Servicio Nacional de Geología and Minería (SERNAGEOMIN) reported that explosive activity generated an ash plume to 3 km above the complex. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, the middle level on a three-color scale, and the public was reminded not to approach the craters within a 3-km radius.
Ongoing

Sabancaya (Peru), Instituto Geofisico del Perú

Volcanic activity report for Sabancaya (Peru), 6 December-12 December 2017

Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya decreased compared to the previous week; there was an average of 63 explosions recorded per day during 4-10 December. Seismicity was dominated by long-period events, with signals indicating emissions. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 3 km above the crater rim and drifted 50 km NE and SW. The MIROVA system detected four thermal anomalies. The sulfur dioxide flux was high, at 1,392 tons per day on 4 December. The report noted that the public should not to approach the crater within a 12-km radius.
Ongoing

Sheveluch (Russia), Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team

Volcanic activity report for Sheveluch (Russia), 6 December-12 December 2017

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite images during 2 and 4-6 December. A strong explosive event on 5 December generated ash plumes that rose as high as 10.5 km (34,500 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE. Ash plumes at 5 km (16,400 ft) a.s.l. drifted E. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange.
Ongoing

Sinabung (Indonesia), Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation

Volcanic activity report for Sinabung (Indonesia), 6 December-12 December 2017

Based on observations by PVMBG, satellite and webcam images, and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-9 and 11-12 December ash plumes from Sinabung rose 4.3-4.9 km (14,000-16,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted ENE, E, SE, and SW.
Ongoing

Yasur (Vanuatu),

Volcanic activity report for Yasur (Vanuatu), 6 December-12 December 2017

On 7 December the Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory stated that the Alert Level for Yasur remained at 2 (on a scale of 0-4) and that, based on seismic data and visual observations, explosions continued to be intense. VGO reminded residents and tourists that hazardous areas were near and around the volcanic crater, within a 395-m-radius permanent exclusion zone, and that volcanic ash and gas could reach areas impacted by trade winds.
Ongoing


Die Daten stellt die Smithsonian Institution im wöchentlich aktualisierten USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report zur Verfügung.

In Deutschland gibt es momentan keine aktiven Vulkane. Der Vulkanismus in Deutschland in den verangengen Jahrentausenden bzw. Jahrmillionen wurde durch Hebung der Alpen verursacht. Dass dieser Prozess noch nicht abgeschlossen ist, zeigen kleinere Erdbeben vom Rheingraben bis zur Kölner Bucht. Die Vulkane, die es in Deutschland gibt spucken zwar zur Zeit keine Lava aus, aber es gibt in Deutschland an vielen Orten heiße Quellen. Diese Thermalquellen sind ein Zeichen dafür, dass Wasser im inneren der Erde erwärmt wird. Vulkanaktivitäten aus vergangenen Zeiten sieht man in Deutschland z.B. auch am Kaiserstuhl in der oberrheinischen Ebene und am Rand der Schwäbischen Alp.